Magento 2 Performance on Docker (a preliminary test)
Load Testing Magento Performance

Magento 2 Performance on Docker (a preliminary test)

Introduction

A few days ago there was a question on Twitter about using Docker in production instead of development. I was a little intrigued by the question because my experience has been in the exact opposite scenario. I almost never use Docker for development and almost always use it in production. I tweeted my response and this was the reply.

I can’t speak to the cost of Docker experts (I’m not one, but my experience is that once you get through the annoyance of the Dockerfile it doesn’t require much more advanced knowledge than a regular sysadmin), but I found the response interesting because my experience with Docker in production has been so good that I’ve Dockerized practically everything, including this blog. But this guy knows his stuff, and I give a lot of weight to his perspective. But my experience has been different.

Except in one place. Magento 2 on Docker on Mac is a horrible experience and it is specifically because of file system performance. But on Linux I’ve had good experiences. However, those experiences were with Magento 1 and not Magento 2. Magento 2 relies on the file system more than Magento 1 so it is quite plausible that Magento 2 is slow as molasses on Docker.

So I decided to do a quick load test on a Linux system I have here (have I mentioned that I offer a load testing service for Magento?) and see if the results are worth pursuing further.

Caveats

Caveat Number 1

This is a smoke test. I wanted to see how bad it was. And if the performance turned out to be not-so-bad my intention is to run a full load test, with checkout and everything (kind of like I do for my Magento load testing service) for Magento 2 on AWS using Aurora and ECS and compare the difference. As such, this result is intended only to be prelimary.

Caveat Number 2

Given that this is a prelimary test I wanted to give Docker every opportunity to do well. So all I did was turn the full page cache off and hit the Men’s Jackets page from the default sample data. A full, proper, load test may end up yielding completely different results.

Caveat Number 3

This test was run on an old machine

uname -a
Linux dev 3.10.0-514.21.2.el7.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Jun 20 12:24:47 UTC 2017 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

It is a

Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU           X3430  @ 2.40GHz

with

free -m
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:          15874        4456        1121         117       10296       10534
Swap:          8063         207        7856

Docker PHP-FPM

php70 -v
PHP 7.0.22 (cli) (built: Aug  2 2017 08:34:38) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.0.22, Copyright (c) 1999-2017, by Zend Technologies

Bare PHP-FPM

php70 -v
PHP 7.0.20 (cli) (built: Jun  7 2017 06:56:00) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.0.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v7.0.20, Copyright (c) 1999-2017, by Zend Technologies

Caveat Number 4

This was a single system that had MySQL running locally. So it was not production-like. Also, the two setups are not exactly the same. But I would be surprised if the differences would make such a huge difference so-as to completely invalidate the results. Also, because I ran this on my Linux development environment I set up an Nginx proxy between Nginx and Docker with a port mapping to the Docker container. This may account for some of the difference.

Results

Testing Scenario

The testing scenario was done using some of the tooling I’ve developed for use with my load testing service. It ingests server counters, MySQL counters (which I did not use for this test), and tracks it against test concurrency, throughput and request timings. The cache was a local Redis instance, the DB was a local DB instance. Both instances connected using TCP.

Findings

The results of this test were about in line with what I was expecting. Bare metal had a slight advantage over the container. But not by much.


This graph shows the response times from the bare metal test.


This graph shows the response times from the Docker test. The charts have been y-corrected and so we can see that bare metal is slightly faster than Docker on average. The average from the bare metal run (where I artificially dropped two requests that took >1000ms) was 404ms and the average from the Docker run was 469. So there was about a 15% overhead in the Docker scenario. But bear in mind that there was an extra networking layer in between Docker and the test not just on Nginx but also Redis and MySQL.


This graph shows the CPU usage from the bare metal test.


This graph shows the CPU usage from the Docker test. The CPU usage was virtually identical.


This graph shows the throughput from the bare metal test.


This graph shows the throughput from the Docker test. Again, we see that bare metal outperformed Docker by a little bit.

Conclusion

This test shows that bare metal is definitely faster than Docker. However, the difference is somewhat marginal. Plus, my gut says that if this test were to be performed in a production environment, with the DB and cache being on different machines, that the difference would be less. Magento 2 on Docker on Mac is a horrible fate that I would not wish on anyone, but when running on Linux the performance tradeoff seems fairly minor.

Hopefully, I’ll have the time to do a load test on Amazon using ECS. ‘tmight be fun.

(have I mentioned that I offer a load testing service for Magento?)

2 thoughts on “Magento 2 Performance on Docker (a preliminary test)”

  1. My understanding is that one of the performance issues with running M2 on Docker locally for development is that you usually have a mounted “shared directory”, so your IDE can access the PHP files for development. And some of the drivers are slow – I forget if this is mainly an issue with OSX, Windows, or Linux…

    Did this test setup include having the Magento 2 files in a shared directory between the container and the host system?

    Thanks for the benchmarks.

    1. This test was for a production-like setup, not development since that was what the question was about. I tried doing Magento 2 development on my Mac and it was incredibly painful due to the file performance. My understanding is that it’s better on Linux, but my development approach makes use of a number of system tools and the container-based approach does not work well for me.

      The test setup did not contain a shared media directory. That is the only directory that should ever be shared in production.

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